AOTS Time

Tomorrow the November Action On The Side project starts.

We have a good group, and I’m looking forward to working with them. We have an 80% female team. It’s the first time I’ve had two of my students be my interns. It’s the first AOTS I’ve run since I started teaching full-time at Raindance.

What I know is that I haven’t had enough time and energy to promote the project, so things I should have done (regular email newsletters, attending networking events, posting in film groups, running script development workshops) have all fallen by the wayside. In future I’ll need to find more of a team to help in the lead-up, and I’ll have to rethink my workload.

Also we seem a bit short of scripts in the group, so I’m pitching three of my short film scripts — including one I’m writing tonight for the occasion.

Now to preparing for tomorrow…

A summer (what?)

An update on what I’m doing this summer

This is the first summer I have had holidays for a long while.

Last year (2017) I was finishing off my Master’s, all the way until I started teaching. The year before that (2016) I was working on my Master’s and preparing to start teaching at Uxbridge College. The year before that (2015) I had left a job that was killing me and was freelance for the first time, seeing first-hand the stress of applying for work as a full-time job. I also started my Master’s then. The years before that (2014, 2013, 2012) I was a workaholic, working as a Registrar and making movies.

So, here’s what I’m doing this summer.

  • Preparing for the next academic year: writing assignments, schemes of work and lesson plans;
  • Promoting our Raindance HND programme and our two new programmes;
  • Promoting and preparing for the October Action On The Side project;
  • Getting some paid film work: I’ve been applying for sound recording, AD, and writing roles.
    • I’m 1st AD’ing a short film called Lycanthropy. Looking forward to shooting that on September 1st, 28th, 29th, 30th
    • I’m editing a short film called Bitches
  • Developing a few film ideas;

and, of course, doing some relaxing.

I hear that’s nice.

Tips for Cannes

The Cannes Film Festival and Market started yesterday. The Marché du Film is the largest film market in the world, and a must-attend for many in the film industry.

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I, unfortunately, cannot attend this year (teaching, y’know). Next year we should be able to attend and promote the feature we’re making with Raindance. I attended two years ago. Before I went, I attended two information sessions to prepare me for it: one run by Raindance, and one run by Women in Film and TV (WFTV).

Some of my friends are attending for the first time. Plus some of the forums I’m on have had people asking advice for the first time they attended. Here are my tips for attending Cannes.

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Tips

  • go to many things as you get invited to them. That’s how you get to the amazing parties. Most parties don’t start until after midnight.
  • bring business cards. When you receive a business card, immediately write on it where you met the person or take a photo of them holding it.
  • 2015-05-18 17.34.18wear layers. It may rain, it may get cold (not everyone is aware of that).
  • wear comfortable shoes, because there will be a lot of walking and a lot of standing.
  • ladies, wear clothes that you can dress up with accessories in case you get invited to a red carpet or event. You never know what will happen on the day.
  • wear sunscreen
  • 2015-05-18 18.10.38go to the UK tent and ask what events they have that day or coming up. Then ask if you can be put on the door.
  • be polite to bouncers and door staff.
  • get on mailing lists before the event. Think about who you want to see. WFTV, Raindance (villa party), Shore Scripts, BFI, BAFTA … basically, think of any film organisation that could be there. See if they have an event or desk at Cannes. It will help you plan.
  • don’t arrange to meet anyone at a set time / set place. You never know what will happen between then and now. Just know that Cannes is crazy and you can find your friends later.
  • The American tent is the only one that charges entry — but it has wifi. It’s a good place to meet people.
  • Uber has a crazy surcharge.
  • you can walk everywhere.
  • Staying in Cannes itself is crazy expensive. Cannes La Bocca is walking distance and cheaper. Staying nearby in Juan des Pins is a short train ride or bus or taxi. We stayed in Nice — much cheaper, the train is easy (40 mins or so), but the last train is midnight. And, like I said above, the parties go on all night.
  • visit the national tents, watch films, network, have fun, all that jazz!

 

The HND on IG

As we’re gearing up for year three of the Raindance Higher National Diploma, we’ve just created an Instagram page for the programme. There’s talk of running a Snapchat as well.

I’m now running three Instagrams: Action On The Side and my personal IG.

As part of the HND, we’ll be running rolling short social media marketing internships for our students. This will help them to gain experience in marketing that will help them in the independent film industry.

Follow the Raindance HND page for pictures from our students.

Raindance HND Feature Film

The inaugural Raindance HND £5k Student Feature Film is being announced today

The Raindance Higher National Diploma (HND) on which I teach has created a competition for our students: across the two years of the diploma, we will find the best writer, best director, best producer, best DP, best editor, etc., and those students will be given a £5000 budget to produce a microbudget feature film.

This is an amazing opportunity for students to learn by doing, and to get their first feature film credit right out of school. The thought process is that many filmmakers got their start with microbudget narrative features: Robert Rodriguez, Peter Jackson, and Raindance’s own Kate Shenton to name but a few.

There are three Executive Producers for the project, who will provide mentoring for the students and supervise the project. Myself, Zulf Choudhry (Director of the HND), and Elliot Grove (head of Raindance).

This is the first time we have run this, so it’s a learning curve for all of us.

The students submitted their ideas with a logline and title. These were shortlisted. The selected students were given advice from their lecturers and support to further flesh out their story.

Two weeks ago the students pitched their ideas to our panel. The panel included the Executive Producers, lecturers, and industry filmmakers. Nine ideas were pitched, each with their own merits. The students could pitch as scriptwriters or as producers. They had three minutes to pitch their idea and seven minutes for questions. The pitches were filmed and made available (privately) to the rest of the student body.

Each member of the panel voted privately on their top 4 films. The student body has one vote collectively. The Executive Producers will then confirm which film has been selected. The successful screenwriter, producer, or team, will then work on developing the script until the start of year 2 (October 2018), and producing the film ready for shooting at the end of year 2 (July 2019).

The student voting process ends today at midday, and I’m really looking forward to announcing the film.

On a related note, check out the promotional video one of my students made.

It has been picked up by Raindance to promote the HND. More of my students have uploaded their promotional videos. I’m looking forward to watching them all.

The Last Postcard Screening

On Saturday we have the premiere of our 21st short film made with Action On The Side, The Last Postcard.

AOTS short film screening

Saturday 7 April
3.30pm
at Raindance (Craven Street, WC2N)

Free event, but register at Eventbrite

THE LAST POSTCARD

written & directed by Cristina Mindroiu
(11 mins)

The life of a woman with dementia is turned upside down when she receives the latest postcard from her travelling partner. A drama about family.

Here are two of the posters I mocked up.

LastPostcardPosterLandscapecreditslastpostcardposterportraitcredits

The images are from our behind the scenes photographer Chris Bourton (d0vzhenko). The posters were created in Canva.com using the same process I outlined in my post on creating an IMDb page. Once I have the finished cut of the film (it’s with the editor until Saturday), I’ll screencap a different shot for the poster.

If you’re in London, see you at the screening!

Creating an animatic

A step-by-step guide for creating an animatic

An Animatic is a moving storyboard with music and sound. They are created in soft preproduction (for fundraising purposes) or during preproduction, and are used extensively in animation and VFX. It is a valuable tool for directors to test the pacing of a scene before they’ve shot it.

Creating A Simple Animatic

The stages are: visual, audio, and export

VISUAL

  • Draw storyboards video-storyboard-example
  • Take photos of your storyboards OR create digital storyboards (e.g. Photoshop)
    • you will need .png or .jpg files of each storyboard
  • import your storyboards into a video editing software (e.g. Adobe Premiere)
  • lay the storyboards on the timeline in the correct order
  • change the duration of the storyboards; add transitions: basically cut together the storyboards to how it will look
  • if you have any footage, edit that in

AUDIO

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  • record your voice as the voice-over (this can be rough)
  • lay the voice-over onto the audio section of the timeline
  • cut it to the correct timing
  • add any music you intend to use (or music that is similar to what you want to use)

You have just created a SCRATCH TRACK

EXPORT

  • with your edited storyboards and scratch track, set your OUT POINT, and export the video (as a .MOV or .MP4)

You now have an animatic

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Not mine: Thesis animatic
by  2015 (link)

Scheduling your short: working days

In the film industry, the average shoot day is 12 hours on set. Feature film shoots may be scheduled 6 days a week, but if the film runs behind, crew will shoot 7-day weeks, for weeks at a time (imagine going 21 days without a day off). Add travel time and you can see how crew experience burn-out.

BECTU is running the #eyeshalfshut campaign to stamp out long working hours on film and TV shoots.

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I work with independent short form content where we shoot on weekends and holidays because we have day jobs. Where there isn’t enough money, so we push longer days to cut costs. I’m conscious of the effect on the crew.

Below is a schedule of how you can plan a 14-hour film shoot, with some explanations. Use this to help you schedule your film shoot. However please be conscious of this current debate in the industry, and how long shooting days affect the sustainability of the industry.


Scheduling a shoot

14 hours

  • 08:30 Breakfast, HOD call (production meeting)
  • 09:00 CREW CALL
  • 09:00-11:00 PACK IN
  • 09:30 CAST CALL
  • 09:45 Cast in MU
  • 11:00 Scene 1 (of the day)
  • 13:00 Scene 2
  • 14:00 LUNCH
  • 14:45 Cast in MU
  • 15:00 Scene 3
  • 17:00 Scene 4
  • 19:00 DINNER
  • 19:45 Cast in MU
  • 20:00 Scene 4 (cont)
  • 21:30 PACK OUT
  • 22:30 WRAP

12-hours

  • 08:30 Breakfast, HOD call (production meeting)
  • 09:00 CREW CALL
  • 09:00-11:00 PACK IN
  • 09:30 CAST CALL
  • 09:45 Cast in MU
  • 11:00 Scene 1 (of the day)
  • 13:00 Scene 2
  • 14:00 LUNCH
  • 14:45 Cast in MU
  • 15:00 Scene 3
  • 18:00 Scene 4 (with rolling dinner snacks)
  • 20:00 PACK OUT
  • 21:00 WRAP

Definitions and Explanations

PACK IN is where you bring in the kit and set up for the first shot. I allow at least one full hour for Pack In, and one full hour for Pack Out. However, now that our shoots have more lights, and now that I need more time to teach people on the Action On The Side shoots, we now allow two hours for Pack In.

I still usually allow an hour for Pack Out though.

The Breakfast Production Meeting is for the director, producer, AD, and DP to touch base, talk through the shots, and make sure they are prepared for the day. Film crews also turn up early to the shoot, so I ensure there is food there for them when they arrive.

 

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Beccy Whyte, MUA on AOTS’ latest short, ‘The Last Postcard‘, March 2018, applying makeup on Marina Kolokolova. Photo credit Chris Bourton.

The first CAST CALL is at least 15 mins after CREW CALL so the MUA has at least 30 mins to set up (this gives the cast 15 mins to grab a coffee before getting into make-up). In my experience, most MUAs will turn up 30 mins before their call time, because they assume the AD didn’t factor in the MUA’s set up time.

 

 

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Francesca Ioppolo puts makeup on Joanna Pope for ‘The Darkness Without‘ Photo credit Chris Bourton 

 

Every meal break has to be 60 minutes (as per every film union).  What I do, however, is trick people (damn, here’s the secret…). You see 45 mins into the meal break is “Cast in MU”. Cast and MU can start their meal earlier so they get the full 60 mins. The last 15 mins of the break (when Cast is in MU) is so 1) the cast can have their make-up reapplied (I learnt that the hard way on my first film shoot); and 2) so the crew can faff (going to the loo, making a cup of coffee, slowly making their way back to the kit). It’s a faff buffer time.

 

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Catering for ‘Locked In

 

Always when scheduling, allow buffer time. Lots and lots of buffer time. Because what can go wrong, will.


How many meals do you have to have?

It depends how long your shoot day is. For a 14-hour day, two meals (lunch, dinner). For a 10-hour day, one meal (lunch). For up to a six-hour day, people can sort themselves out for food – but make sure you have heaps of snacks so they can fill up.

If you’re shooting around 7 or 8pm, I think you should feed people dinner. Everyone gets hungry around dinnertime. The same for 1pm-3pm for lunch.

 

IMG_7725
Me and Daniele catering for ‘Locked In

I always teach my students that their crew can’t go 5 hours without a meal. However, I was on a 12-hour shoot recently (9am-9pm), and there was only one meal (lunch) at 2pm. The rationale is that five hours without a break is industry standard. 9am-2pm, one hour, 3pm to 8pm, but that they could push the extra hour by providing snacks so the crew can eat in that final 6 hours. I know from experience that dinner can add extra time when people just want to go home earlier. I’ll leave it up to your judgement.

 


I hope this helps you to schedule your shoots.

Budgeting your film: low- medium- high-

An outline of the three budgets for your film

When you’re producing a film, you’ve got to create three budgets.

Low- budget

pablo40The low- budget is the absolute minimum you can make your film for.

  • You’re shooting with whichever equipment you can borrow or already own (the cheapest you can get);
  • you’ve got the bare minimum crew;
    • which could be you with your camera phone;
  • you’re using whichever locations you can get for free (like your house);
  • no-one is getting paid.

The thing to remember is that no-one should incur costs from working on your film. If you aren’t paying them, then you have to cover their transport costs and feed them. In your low- budget, your highest costs are catering, transport, and insurance (you could try to avoid insurance, but that could cost you way more in the long run).

High- budget

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The next to calculate is the high- budget. It’s the “pie-in-the-sky”, “if you had all the money in the world”, ideal scenario. There is no upper limit. In the high-budget:

  • you have the absolute best top quality equipment;
  • you have all of the crew you could possibly need;
  • you’re paying full rate for the best locations;
  • everyone is getting paid their union rate (see BECTU for crew rates).

Your highest cost is going to be crew fees. Then it trickles down to catering, transport, insurance, equipment, and locations.

Medium- budget

The medium- budget is likely what your budget will end up like. In it:

  • you mix what equipment you can borrow with what you will need to hire;
  • you work out who you will need on set for the most efficient amount of time;
    • e.g. if you have to have a stunt co-ordinator, you get all the stunts in one day; you have a full camera department when there are complicated scenes, but minimal crew other days.
  • you are likely looking for free locations, but have some funds set aside for hiring if needed;
  • you work out who you need to pay and how much.
    • some people may get NMW (national minimum wage); some inexperienced crew roles you may ask to work for free (e.g. runners);

Your highest costs for this budget will be, as above, crew rates; catering; transport; insurance; equipment; and locations.

Before anyone gets upset: I’m not going to get into the “not paying people”, “asking people to work for free” debate now, but will in a different post. 

To give you an idea of how this works, let’s look at cameras:

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  • Low- budget: iPhone; DSLR
  • Medium- budget: Canon C100; Blackmagic 2.5k; Arri Amirah
  • High- budget: digital: Arri Alexa; RED Dragon; film: 16mm; 35mm

 

Or your camera department:

  • Low- budget: DP
  • Medium- budget: DP, 1st AC, 2nd AC
  • High- budget: DP, Camera Operator, 1st AC, 2nd AC, 3rd AC

Once you have your three budgets, you have your range: the minimum your film can be made for; the maximum; and the safe middle-ground.

But why can’t I just make one budget?

Producing is all about troubleshooting and problem-solving. When being thorough with your budgets, you are working through all possible scenarios. This will help you to understand your film’s needs at a deeper level because you have done the figures. An HOD asks for more crew? You have done the figures and know whether it is possible or not. The location costs more than expected? You can work out where to minimise costs in other areas.

You can also use the budgets to your advantage:

  • when funding, which budget are you trying to raise?
  • when a location asks for your budget, which do you send?

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Budgets are vitally important to a successful film’s production. It takes practice. Remember that this is only one stage of budgeting; the budget will be revisited throughout the film’s production.

Best of luck with your films.

 

Scheduling your short film shoot: set-ups

A set-up is a shot. The set-up changes every time the camera changes position.

The rule of thumb for every set-up is:

  • 30 minutes for an average shot
  • 45 minutes for complicated shots (e.g. dolly, steadicam)
    • If there are added complications, such as traffic, lots of extras, or weather, I would allow 60 minutes
  • 20 minutes for an easy handheld ECU

Beginner filmmakers may be a bit confused. “How,” (they may ask), “can me and my friends with a DSLR take more than 10 minutes per set-up?”

If it is just you with your camera with no lights and no separate sounds, sure, 30 minutes is a lot.

However, on a professional shoot, with lights and sound and actors, this is what happens in a set-up:

  1. The 1st AD calls “moving on”, and directs the crew for the next setup;
  2. The Director may have the actors do a quick block through, while the HODs watch;
  3. The Director and actors move away;
  4. The camera department move the camera; change the lens; change the height of the tripod or put it on a dolly or whichever;
  5. The Gaffer and the Sparks may need to change the lighting set-up;
  6. The DP and Gaffer and their teams make sure the lighting and camera are right (which can take a lot of faffing time);
  7. The sound recordist checks where they can be to not cause boom shadow, and where the top of frame is;
  8. The AD calls the director and actors back in;
  9. The actors do a technical block through;
  10. The AD checks if the director is happy;
  11. The AC puts markers down for the actors and checks focus;
  12. The AD calls last checks;
  13. The MUA and wardrobe check make-up, hair, and costume;
  14. Once they exit frame, the AD calls quiet on set;
  15. The Clapper Loader (2nd AC) holds the slate in front of camera;
  16. The AD calls turnover;
  17. Sound and Camera roll; their operators call “Speed”
  18. The Clapper Loader slates;
  19. They exit frame; as soon as they stop moving…
  20. The AD calls “action”
  21. The action
  22. The Director calls “Cut”
  23. The Director gives notes to the actors; the script supervisor gets feedback for their notes.
  24. You go at least once again (steps 15-23) for safety (assuming you got it right the first time)
  25. Print: moving on

And that is what takes 30 minutes.